epc, epc change, epc rating, energy efficiency, energy, energy class

How Landlords Can Prepare for EPC Changes

In Blog by Mark Trett

In this article, we will explore how landlords can prepare for EPC changes and navigate the evolving landscape of energy efficiency requirements for their rental properties.

With the increasing importance of sustainability and minimum energy efficiency standards, landlords need to stay updated on the latest regulatory changes.

One crucial area that impacts many landlords is the Energy Performance Certificate (EPC).

Understanding the energy performance certificate

The purpose of an EPC is to help tenants and buyers make informed decisions about the energy efficiency of a property. EPCs have become an integral part of the property market.

An EPC is generated by a qualified energy assessor and contains information about the property’s heating, insulation, and energy consumption. A visit to a property generally takes around one hour.

Any renovations or additions to your house, such as installations or expansions, must be supported by paperwork and proof for the EPC assessor. Please make sure that these are accessible during their visit or that you provide the necessary papers to them in advance.

A valid EPC will last for 10 years.

The EPC Rating

AEPC rating describes the property’s energy performance on a scale from A to G, with A being the most energy-efficient and G being the least.

energy efficiency, energy, energy class

The EPC also provides recommendations on how to improve energy efficiency, which can help landlords make informed decisions. There is also a prediction of what the EPC rating could potentially be if all the recommendations were carried out.

Does an EPC always reflect a property’s energy efficiency?

EPCs do not always reflect a property’s energy efficiency. An example would be where a property has been subject to significant upgrade after an EPC was issued.

Importance of EPC for Landlords

Minimum EPC Rating Regulations

For landlords, EPCs play a crucial role in compliance with regulations.

The Minimum Energy Efficiency Standards (MEES) took effect on April 1st, 2018. This stated that all homes in England and Wales being rented out must have an EPC rating of at least “E” (unless exempt). From April 1, 2020, it has applied to all existing tenancies (not just new tenancies or renewed ones).

As a result your property cannot be lawfully rented if it does not have a valid EPC rating of “E” or above.

A compliance notice may be sent to a landlord if a local authority thinks they have not carried out the MEES Regulations’ requirements. A violation can subject the landlord to a significant financial penalty.

Therefore, it is essential for landlords to understand the importance of EPCs for domestic properties and take steps to ensure their properties meet the required standards.

The Cost Cap

The “Cost Cap” limits the amount landlords need to spend on energy efficiency improvements.

Currently the Cost Cap sets a maximum limit of £3,500 (inclusive of VAT) relevant energy efficiency improvements per property. If it costs more than £3,500 to bring your home up to EPC E, you should make all the changes that are possible up to that amount before registering a “all improvements made” exemption.

The Cost Cap is designed to strike a balance between encouraging landlords to invest in energy efficiency improvements and preventing excessive financial burdens.

It ensures that landlords are not overwhelmed by the costs associated with minimum energy efficient standards while achieving higher EPC rating. However, it is essential for landlords to carefully plan and budget their energy efficiency upgrades to ensure compliance while staying within the cost limits.

Improved Marketability

A high energy efficiency rating can also make a property more appealing to potential new or existing tenants too, as it can lead to lower energy bills. A property with a high energy efficiency rating can also attract environmentally conscious tenants who prioritize sustainable living.

These certificates empower tenants to make informed decisions about the energy efficiency of a property, allowing them to choose accommodation that aligns with their environmental values and budgetary constraints.

By understanding the energy performance of a property, tenants can estimate potential energy costs and make more sustainable choices.

Minimum Energy Efficiency Level Changes 2025+

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As the world becomes more focused on sustainability, EPC regulations and requirements are subject to change. Staying ahead of these changes can help landlords avoid penalties and maintain compliance. Let’s explore some of the key changes in EPC regulations.

The government now requires all new tenancies to have a rating of C by 2025. Existing tenancies would follow suit by 2028.

The present cost cap on energy performance investments for landlords is £3,500; this will be increased to £10,000.

Landlords who don’t have a valid EPC or exemption could be fined £30,000 once the new requirements take effect in 2025.

This change aims to drive further energy efficiency improvements and reduce carbon emissions from all rental sector properties.

With this new requirement, landlords will need to assess their current properties and identify areas for improvement.

Impact of EPC Changes on Landlords

Now that we have covered the upcoming changes, let’s delve into the impact they will have on landlords.

Adapting to these changes may involve making improvements to rental properties to meet the new energy efficiency standards. This could include upgrading insulation, replacing outdated heating systems with solar panels, or installing other renewable energy sources.

While it may require some initial investment, these upgrades can lead to long-term benefits by attracting tenants and reducing energy costs.

Landlords who proactively embrace the EPC changes and invest in energy efficiency upgrades can position themselves as responsible and forward-thinking rental property owners.

This can enhance market value of rental properties and their reputation among tenants, leading to increased demand for their properties. Additionally, energy-efficient rental properties also tend to have lower utility bills, making them more attractive to cost-conscious tenants.

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However, some landlords say that they might sell their rental properties because of the new regulations.

Take Early Action

It is important for landlords to stay informed about the upcoming EPC changes and plan accordingly.


By understanding the new requirements and taking action early, landlords can avoid last-minute rush and potential penalties. They can also take advantage of any available financial incentives or grants that may be offered to support making energy efficiency improvements.

maze, labyrinth, solution

The upcoming EPC changes present both challenges and opportunities for landlords.

By embracing these changes and investing in energy efficiency upgrades, landlords can not only comply with the new regulations but also benefit from long-term cost savings and increased tenant demand.

Making Energy Efficiency Improvements

Start by conducting an energy assessment of your property.

An energy assessor can identify areas for improvement and provide recommendations to enhance energy efficiency.

Key areas include insulation, heating systems, and energy-efficient appliances.

Making these upgrades not only improves your property’s EPC rating but also enhances tenant satisfaction and reduces energy expenses in the long run.

Working with Energy Assessors

Collaborating with qualified energy assessors can streamline the preparation process and ensure compliance.

They have the expertise to assess your property accurately and provide valuable insights on how to improve energy efficiency.

The Role of EPC in Sustainable Property Management

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Energy Performance Certificates serve as a valuable tool for landlords in achieving sustainable property management. They help landlords to identify areas for improvement and implement measures to reduce carbon emissions.

By embracing energy-efficient practices, landlords can contribute to a greener future while reaping the benefits of reduced energy costs and increased tenant satisfaction.

As the world moves towards a greener future, landlords must be prepared for changes in the regulatory landscape.

To Sum Up: How Landlords Can Prepare for EPC Changes

The long-term implications of EPC changes go beyond regulatory compliance.

Embracing energy efficiency measures can bolster your property’s value, attract eco-conscious tenants, and contribute to a sustainable future.

Understanding what makes up an EPC rating, anticipating upcoming minimum efficiency level changes, and taking proactive steps will enable landlords to navigate the evolving EPC requirements successfully.

Additionally, as energy efficiency standards evolve, staying ahead of the curve can position you as a forward-thinking and responsible landlord.

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About the Author

Mark Trett


Mark Trett is a seasoned expert in consumer insights who has spent more than ten years assisting companies in resolving customer problems. After meeting John, they banded together to address a significant issue facing the real estate sector. Possesses extensive knowledge of customer research, insight, and real-world startup, business, and entrepreneurship expertise.